High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is a common medical condition. Although most patients do not experience any symptoms, it is very important to control high blood pressure because otherwise it can lead to serious complications.
This blog is not meant for medical advice, but to give a general overview of common medical conditions.
When it comes to treating high blood pressure, Clear Lake Medical Clinic will focus on your individual needs, lifestyle, and overall health. If you have questions about your specific health needs, please set up an appointment with us so we can go over a detailed health plan for you that focuses on your individualized wellness.
What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the pressure your blood creates on the walls of arteries when your blood is being pumped. Arteries carry blood from your heart to various organs in your body. Blood pressure readings involve two numbers, for example 120/80. In this case, 120 is called the systolic pressure and 80 is called the diastolic pressure. To dive into the details, the systolic pressure occurs when your heart contracts to pump blood (the heart beat) and diastolic pressure occurs when your heart relaxes (between beats).
What is considered high blood pressure?
Different professional societies have different guidelines. According to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA), these are the following guidelines:
Normal blood pressure: less than 120 over less than 80 (e.g. 110/75)
Elevated blood pressure: 120 – 129 over less than 80 (e.g. 120/75). Elevated blood pressure is not the same as high blood pressure. However, it increases the risk of developing to high blood pressure.
High blood pressure (Hypertension):
- Stage 1: 130-139 over 80-89 (e.g. 135/85)
- Stage 2: At least 140 over at least 90 (e.g. 145/95)
Most people have primary hypertension, which means there is no known cause for the high blood pressure. Some have secondary hypertension, meaning the high blood pressure is from a known cause like a kidney or hormonal condition.
How do you diagnose high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is diagnosed when two or more blood pressure readings are high at two separate office visits at least 1 week apart.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
Post people do not have any symptoms from high blood pressure. A few people have headaches or vision problems, but this is rare. Sometimes high blood pressure is called “the silent killer” because uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to serious complications.
What are the complications of untreated high blood pressure?
The consequences of untreated high blood pressure are severe. They include:
- Heart disease
- Heart failure
- Left ventricular hypertrophy (enlarging of the left ventricle)
- Kidney disease
- Aneurysm (out-pouching of an artery from damage of high blood pressure)
At Clear Lake Medical Clinic, we will be right alongside you to help control your hypertension so you don’t develop these complications and can continue living a full, healthy life.
How do you treat high blood pressure?
High blood pressure can be treated with a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. Some lifestyle changes include:
- Quit smoking
- Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
- Exercise at least 30 minutes a day
- Reducing the amount of salt in your diet
- Avoid drinking too much alcohol
Sometimes, lifestyle changes alone will not control your blood pressure. If this is the case, make an appointment with Clear Lake Medical Clinic to discuss medication options for you. We will be right alongside you to manage your diabetes and help you live life to the fullest.
At Clear Lake Medical Clinic, we can help you create a plan based on your individual needs, taking your lifestyle and overall health into consideration. Our goal is to help you stay as healthy as you can be at every stage of your life.